Why is nutrition important for pregnant women?

Dr. Madhu Gupta

Laparoscopic Surgeon (Obs & Gyn)
Why do pregnant women require additional nutrients? Because they are instrumental in fueling the baby’s development. Yet, excessive weight gain or poor dietary habits while pregnant can cause gestational diabetes and birth complications. Below are a few nutritional recommendations for a healthy diet and delivery. These foods also help you prevent excess weight gain easily after you have given birth. • Dairy Products: Yogurt contains plenty of protein and calcium. Its probiotics may also decrease the chances of complications. • Legumes: Rich in fiber, folate and other nutrients, legumes are a good option to meet the increased nutritional requirements. They also decrease the risk of certain birth defects and disorders. • Sweet Potatoes: Beta-carotene found in sweet potatoes converts into vitamin A in the body. This nutrient is useful for the growth and cell differentiation of the developing fetus. • Whole Eggs: Both the egg white and yolk contain lots of healthy fats, vitamins and minerals, including choline that plays a key role in brain development. • Leafy Greens: Dark green and leafy green veggies like broccoli, spinach, kale etc. pack many nutrients that expectant mothers require. Their high fiber content helps keep constipation away, which pregnant women are prone to. • Berries: Carbs, fiber, vitamins, antioxidants, plant compounds and water in berries help meet the nutrient and fluid requirements of pregnant women. • Whole Grains: Whole wheat, oats, barley, brown rice, millet and other whole grains are rich sources of several nutrients. The vitamins (including B vitamins), magnesium, fiber and plant compounds in whole grains are important for pregnant women.
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