Why do acne problems intensify during periods?
Many women experience acne breakouts around the time of their periods. Your skin might seem to be clearing up steadily but premenstrual acne can halt progress. The condition affects almost 50 to 80 percent of women. One moment you have clear skin, and the next you break out in the week coinciding with your period. In fact, your existing acne might worsen before your periods begin. These breakouts are unlike regular breakouts since they resemble inflamed, red papules that rarely form a white head. In most cases, the breakouts tend to show up on the lower part of your face, especially the chin, neck, jawline, and cheeks. The menstrual cycle directly affects your hormones and skin. The hormone testosterone, in particular, is to blame for acne developing during the periods. While testosterone is normally considered a “male” hormone, it is present in women as well, albeit in smaller quantities. This hormone contributes to acne development in females since it hastens oil or sebum production from the sebaceous glands. In most cases, acne development occurs between a week and 10 days before your period starts. Your estrogen levels are the lowest during this time, while testosterone remains fairly consistent all month. Progesterone is another hormone that contributes to oily skin. The production increases dramatically during the second half of the period cycle, causing the pores to swell shut. You suffer from breakouts as the excess oil produced becomes trapped in the swollen pores. Various factors contribute to acne problems during and after your menstrual cycle. While studies are being conducted on the precise impact of periods on skin and acne, hormones are the root of the problem. Consult a dermatologist and he/she will guide you on the best treatment for your condition.
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