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Which diseases are caused by nutritional deficiency?
Nutritional deficiencies may result in different conditions and diseases in the body. Below are listed a few of them: • Iron Deficiency: It can cause anemia and reduce the number of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood. The ability of blood to transport oxygen throughout our system also gets affected. Additionally, people may experience fatigue, weakness, low immunity system and impaired brain function. • Vitamin D and Calcium Deficiency: Bones may become soft, brittle and prone to fractures due to vitamin D and calcium deficiencies. Vitamin D is also associated with stunted growth in kids, reduced immune function and muscle weakness. • Vitamin A Deficiency: It causes decreased immune functionality, night blindness, temporary or permanent eye damage and even blindness. Globally, vitamin A deficiency is one of the most leading causes of blindness. It is also associated with increased mortality in expecting, lactating mothers and children. • Iodine Deficiency: It is one of the most common nutrient deficiencies worldwide affecting around one-third of the global population. Iodine is essential for thyroid functions that play a key role in growth, metabolic rate regulation, and brain and bone development. Iodine deficiency may lead to goiter or enlarged thyroid glands, and ultimately cause hypothyroidism, poor growth in infants, cretinism (a condition of stunted physical and mental development), and mental retardation. • Vitamin B1 Deficiency: It may lead to double vision, confusion, memory loss and gait abnormality (walking difficulties due to disturbances in the nervous system, joints, muscles or other parts of the body controlling complex, coordinated movement). • Vitamin B2 Deficiency: It can cause anemia, soreness of mouth, tongue and throat, and dermatitis (a condition maked by itchy, inflamed skin). • Vitamin B3 Deficiency: It can cause vomiting, hyperpigmented rashes, diarrhea and dementia (conditions related to thinking and social problems that interfere with daily functioning). • Vitamin B7 or Biotin Deficiency: It causes hair loss, mental problems (depression) and rashes. • Vitamin B12 Deficiency: This is common among the elderly and vegetarians, Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause blood disorders, impaired gait and balance, brain malfunctions and irritability. • Vitamin C Deficiency: It can cause scurvy, a condition characterized by fatigue, weakness and soreness in the arms and legs. • Vitamin E Deficiency: It can cause gait and balance abnormality, muscle weakness and neurological abnormalities. • Vitamin K Deficiency: It can cause skin bruising and poor blood clotting. • Magnesium Deficiency: It can cause serious disease like type-2 diabetes, cardiac disorders, metabolic syndrome and osteoporosis.
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