What is the treatment plan for a urinary tract infection?
Antibiotics are normally the first line of treatment for UTIs. The types of drugs that are prescribed to patients as well as the duration depend on their health condition as well as the kind of bacteria detected in the urine and its sensitivity to particular antibiotics. For a simple infection, the drugs that are commonly prescribed include fosfomycin, ciprofloxacin, trimethoprim, nitrofurantoin, and cephalexin. In case of a complicated kidney infection or UTI, doctors might prescribe them if no other form of treatment exists. In most cases, symptoms tend to clear up in a couple of days after starting treatment. However, it is important to continue taking the antibiotics for more than a week until the entire course is completed. Doctors may sometimes even prescribe pain medications to numb the urethra and bladder for relieving the burning sensation during urination. The pain normally goes away once the patient starts taking antibiotics. Patients suffering from frequent UTIs often have separate treatment recommendations, like vaginal estrogen therapy, long-term low-dose antibiotics, self-diagnosis and treatment, and a single dose of antibiotics following sexual intercourse.
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