What is the process for STD testing?
In many cases, sexually transmitted diseases do not exhibit any symptoms. Testing is the sole method of determining the presence of STDs in men and women. Thus, if you have had oral, anal, or vaginal sex, you should speak to a nurse or doctor about getting tested. Based on your sexual history, doctors often order different tests to test for STDs, including urine tests, blood tests, physical examinations, or swabs. • Urine and Blood Tests: Most sexually transmitted tests involve using blood or urine samples. Doctors order blood and urine tests to check for herpes, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, HIV, and hepatitis. Sometimes these tests are not as accurate as other kinds of testing. Also, it takes more than a month after exposure for certain STDs to show up in the test results. • Swabs: Doctors often suggest urethral, vaginal, or cervical swabs to detect STDs. For females, cotton applicators are used. Rectal swabs may also be performed to detect infectious organisms in the rectum. • HPV Tests and Pap Smears: Pap smears are not considered STD tests. It is mostly used to detect early signs of anal or cervical cancer. HPV tests alone are not reliable for detecting cancer in patients. STD screening tests do not cost a lot in India, which is why sexually active individuals should get tested regularly.
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