What causes ovarian cysts?

Dr. Deepti Gupta

Laparoscopic Surgeon
Ovarian cysts develop due to a variety of causes. Thankfully, most of them are not cancerous. They can be categorized into: • Follicular Cysts: Follicular cysts are the most commonly occurring type of cyst and it occurs due to follicle growth. Follicular cysts develop when the follicle expands beyond normal size during the menstrual cycle and fails to release the egg. • Corpus Luteum Cysts: Connected to a woman’s menstrual cycle, the corpus luteum normally breaks down and disappears when pregnancy doesn’t occur. Sometimes, however, it fills up with blood or fluid and becomes an ovarian cyst. This cyst is located on one side, shows no symptoms, and resolves spontaneously. • Chocolate Cysts: When endometriosis takes place in the ovary, the tissue in the site may bleed and grow over time, creating a cyst filled with blood that contains brown or red colored contents. • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: PCOS is a condition where multiple small cysts are present inside both ovaries. PCOS is commonly associated with various hormonal issues and is one of the most common causes of women’s infertility. • Tubo-Ovarian Abscesses: When the pelvic organs suffer from infection, pus-filled cystic spaces often develop in, on, or around the Fallopian tubes or ovary. • Dermoid Cysts: Both malignant and benign tumors found in the ovary can be cystic. In some cases, the ovarian tissues grow abnormally to form other body tissues like teeth or hair. Ovarian cysts are not always harmful, but it is good to consult a doctor and avail the recommended treatment for a healthier life.
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