Urinary tract infections are a common pediatric infection. Sometimes, bacteria doesn’t get expelled through urination and causes an infection in the urinary tract. Children are most susceptible to two types of UTIs, viz., cystitis or lower UTIs (bladder infections) and pyelonephritis or upper UTIs (kidney infections). Kidney infections are the more serious of the two and can lead to life threatening complications, if left untreated. However, it is possible to treat all kinds of UTIs with antibiotics and other medical remedies. The causative organisms of infections in children are bowel flora, usually gram negative bacteria, such as E. coli. Bacteria enter the urethra through the skin around the vagina or anus and cause infections. Pediatric UTIs affect girls more than boys. This is because of the shorter urethras in girls that are located closer to the anus, making it easier for bacteria to enter their urethras. Uncircumcised boys aging less than a year also have a higher risk. Other factors that expose children to the entry of bacteria include use of bubbles in baths (for girls), tight-fitting clothes (for girls), wiping from back to front after defecating, poor hygiene habits and infrequent or delayed urination for long spans of time. Blockage or structural deformities in urinary tract organs, abnormal functioning of the urinary tract and vesicoureteral reflux (a birth defect when the urine flows the other way round) can also result into urinary tract infections in children.
hello maadam or sir, I have a 15 year old girl. I wanted too know what all can cause a urinary tract infection in a child, because she complainings about pain in down area from many days.cud she have a uti like i do?
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