What are the treatment options for breast cancer?
Doctors suggest a wide variety of treatment options to breast cancer patients. Based on the behavior and biology of breast cancer detected in the research, a treatment plan is created. But there are a few general steps for treating locally advanced and early-stage breast cancer. • Surgery: The tumor and some surrounding healthy tissues are removed by a surgical oncologist. The main types of breast cancer surgery include lumpectomy and mastectomy. • Lymph Node Removal and Analysis: Check whether the axillary lymph nodes near the breast are affected by cancer using sentinel lymph node biopsy and axillary lymph node dissection. • Reconstructive or Plastic Surgery: Women who’ve had a mastectomy get their breasts reconstructed by a plastic surgeon using synthetic implants or tissue taken from another part of the body. Tissue flap procedures are also common where tissue and muscle from other parts of the body are used for reshaping the breast. • External Breast Forms: Artificial breast forms or external breast prosthesis offer an option for women who want to delay the reconstructive surgical process. These are composed of soft material or silicone, and easily fit inside a mastectomy bra. Breast prostheses help offer a comfortable fit and natural appearance to every breast cancer patient. • Radiation Therapy: High-energy particles like X-rays are used for destroying cancer cells from the body. • Hormonal Therapy: This treatment works wonders for tumors that test positive for either progesterone or estrogen receptors. Irrespective of the cure you choose, palliative care is necessary after treatment to relieve the symptoms and side effects of breast cancer. Clinical trials may be suggested before administering a new remedy.
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