What are the symptoms of menopause?

Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra

Infertility Specialist
With estrogen levels decreasing during menopause, women are prone to various signs and symptoms after a certain age. Most of these are mild symptoms that are easily treatable with lifestyle changes. But the symptoms mentioned below are more problematic. • Period Changes: This is the first thing women notice – irregular periods. The duration may increase or decrease, or the bleeding may be lighter or heavier than before. However, there could be deeper underlying issues if you have spotting, heavy bleeding, frequent periods, or periods that last over a week. • Hot Flashes: Hot flashes normally last a couple of years after menopause. The neck and face become flushed, while red patches appear on the arms, back, and chest. Some women also experience cold shivering or heavy sweating. • Bladder Control: Menopausal women have drier vaginas, which makes sexual intercourse quite uncomfortable. Bladder infections are also not uncommon with many women finding it difficult to hold their urine for long. • Sleep: Many women start experiencing sleep problems. They often find it difficult to fall asleep comfortably or wake up early. Their sleep might get disrupted by night sweats. • Sex: Lack of interest in sex affects many menopausal women. Others start feeling sexier and freer after menopause. • Mood Alterations: Menopause causes all women to feel more irritable and moodier. Menopausal symptoms are the result of changing hormone levels, so the condition and severity cannot be determined in advance. However, if the symptoms start interfering with your regular life, seek help from a doctor regarding the correct course of treatment.
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