What are the different types of dementia?
All stages of dementia affect the cognitive processes and impact daily living. But it is still necessary to pinpoint the exact kind of dementia to optimize the treatment process. Some of the most common categories include: • Alzheimer’s Disease: This is the most common type of dementia, which accounts for 60 to 80 percent of diagnosed cases. Diagnosing Alzheimer’s in the early stages helps prolong independence of the patients and comprises the first step towards treatment, management, and enjoying a full life. • Vascular Dementia: This kind of dementia occurs due to several small changes in the brain’s blood supply or strokes. Sudden manifestation of symptoms may suggest vascular dementia, and although it affects cognitive functioning and memory considerably, there are ways to decrease the severity. • Lewy Body Dementia: Lewy body dementia occurs due to abnormal alpha-synuclein protein deposits in the brain. Also known as Lewy bodies, these deposits affect the brain chemicals, and cause problems with movement, behaviour, mood, and thinking. • Frontotemporal Dementia: This type of dementia is commonly seen in people between the ages of 45 and 60. This uncommon disorder mainly affects the temporal and frontal lobes of the brain, the parts commonly associated with behaviour, language, and personality. • Depression: Now you might be wondering if depression is a type of dementia. Well, not exactly! Both are mental health issues, but dementia is a proposed risk factor for dementia and a prodrome of dementia.
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