What are the different symptoms of HIV in men and women?

Dr. Raveendran SR

Medical Microbiologist
If a person contracts HIV, the first warning signs are visible within a couple of months. At this stage, the infection shows flu-like symptoms, such as fever, headache, fatigue, dry cough, muscle, and joint pain, swollen lymph nodes, skin rash, diarrhea, vomiting, sore throat, night sweats, and nausea. However, signs of HIV vary from individual to individual, so not all infected persons will show these symptoms. That makes it necessary to go through proper diagnostic screening to be fully sure if you’re HIV positive. This holds true particularly for sexually active individuals or those who have been exposed to shared drug needles, tattooing or body piercing equipment. The chances of transmission are high at this stage given how high the HIV viral load is. Early HIV symptoms in women: During the initial stages, women experience flu-like symptoms, such as low-energy levels, headaches, skin rashes or sores, swollen lymph nodes, fever, infections, menstrual changes and pelvic inflammatory disease (an infection of the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes). Early HIV symptoms in men: Like women, men experience flu-like symptoms, including sore throat, fever, skin rash, headache, and fatigue. Additionally, severe signs, such as tiredness, dementia, and weight loss may show up at this early stage in case of a few men. The more uncommon early symptoms include sore muscles, ulcers in the mouth and in the genital area, night sweats, nausea, vomiting and joint pain.
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