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The regular function of the ovaries is to produce an egg every month. At the time of ovulation, a cyst-like structure known as a follicle develops within the ovary. The mature follicle starts to rupture the moment an egg gets released at the time of ovulation. A corpus luteum develops from the empty follicle and in case the pregnancy does not occur, the corpus luteum gradually dissolves. But this process doesn’t conclude properly in some cases, resulting in common ovarian cysts, also known as functional cysts. Abnormal ovarian cysts, like polycystic ovarian disease, tend to occur due to the result of female hormonal imbalance.