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The common treatments for breast cancer are: • Surgery: Surgery involves taking out the tumor through an operation known as lumpectomy. The infected section of the breast is removed. A mastectomy, however, involves removing the entire breast. The patient should discuss the pros and cons of each procedure with her doctor. • Radiation: Cancer cells are eradicated using high-energy waves. Women under age 70 combine radiation with lumpectomy to destroy leftover cancer cells after surgery. Doctors recommend this procedure if the cancer spreads throughout the body. Earlier, women required daily radiation for many days. But being administered the same total amount of radiation over a shorter timespan works equally well and carries less chances of side effects. Speak to your doctor about the possibility of shorter therapies like: • Chemotherapy: At the time of chemotherapy, the patient is given drugs through an IV or as pills. People get chemotherapy to kill off existing cancer cells. Doctors even prescribe it before surgery to reduce the size of the tumors. Remember, chemotherapy is great against cancer-ridden cells but can affect healthy cells in an adverse way. • Hormone Therapy: The growth of cancer cells depends on progesterone and oestrogen hormone. These hormones can be blocked by hormone therapy. • Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapy helps the patient fight cellular changes leading to cancer. The drugs block certain proteins and have fewer side-effects.